Sven Boekhoff, M.Sc.

Ph.D. student at the Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Göttingen
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HTML Codes



The tables below give you the codes for named characters in HTML. Keep in mind that some characters might have a different appearence if you use another font.






Table of named HTML inherent characters
Character Description Entity Decimal Hex
"quotation mark = APL quote"""
&ampersand&&&
<less-than sign&lt;&#60;&#x3C;
>greater-than sign&gt;&#62;&#x3E;
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Named characters in character set "ISO 8859-1"
Character Description Entity Decimal Hex
 no-break space = non-breaking space&nbsp;&#160;&#xA0;
¡inverted exclamation mark&iexcl;&#161;&#xA1;
¢cent sign&cent;&#162;&#xA2;
£pound sign&pound;&#163;&#xA3;
¤currency sign&curren;&#164;&#xA4;
¥yen sign = yuan sign&yen;&#165;&#xA5;
¦broken bar = broken vertical bar&brvbar;&#166;&#xA6;
§section sign&sect;&#167;&#xA7;
¨diaeresis = spacing diaeresis&uml;&#168;&#xA8;
©copyright sign&copy;&#169;&#xA9;
ªfeminine ordinal indicator&ordf;&#170;&#xAA;
«left-pointing double angle quotation mark = left pointing guillemet&laquo;&#171;&#xAB;
¬not sign&not;&#172;&#xAC;
­soft hyphen = discretionary hyphen&shy;&#173;&#xAD;
®registered sign = registered trade mark sign&reg;&#174;&#xAE;
¯macron = spacing macron = overline = APL overbar&macr;&#175;&#xAF;
°degree sign&deg;&#176;&#xB0;
±plus-minus sign = plus-or-minus sign&plusmn;&#177;&#xB1;
²superscript two = superscript digit two = squared&sup2;&#178;&#xB2;
³superscript three = superscript digit three = cubed&sup3;&#179;&#xB3;
´acute accent = spacing acute&acute;&#180;&#xB4;
µmicro sign&micro;&#181;&#xB5;
pilcrow sign = paragraph sign&para;&#182;&#xB6;
·middle dot = Georgian comma = Greek middle dot&middot;&#183;&#xB7;
¸cedilla = spacing cedilla&cedil;&#184;&#xB8;
¹superscript one = superscript digit one&sup1;&#185;&#xB9;
ºmasculine ordinal indicator&ordm;&#186;&#xBA;
»right-pointing double angle quotation mark = right pointing guillemet&raquo;&#187;&#xBB;
¼vulgar fraction one quarter = fraction one quarter&frac14;&#188;&#xBC;
½vulgar fraction one half = fraction one half&frac12;&#189;&#xBD;
¾vulgar fraction three quarters = fraction three quarters&frac34;&#190;&#xBE;
¿inverted question mark = turned question mark&iquest;&#191;&#xBF;
ÀLatin capital letter A with grave = Latin capital letter A grave&Agrave;&#192;&#xC0;
ÁLatin capital letter A with acute&Aacute;&#193;&#xC1;
ÂLatin capital letter A with circumflex&Acirc;&#194;&#xC2;
ÃLatin capital letter A with tilde&Atilde;&#195;&#xC3;
ÄLatin capital letter A with diaeresis&Auml;&#196;&#xC4;
ÅLatin capital letter A with ring above = Latin capital letter A ring&Aring;&#197;&#xC5;
ÆLatin capital letter AE = Latin capital ligature AE&AElig;&#198;&#xC6;
ÇLatin capital letter C with cedilla&Ccedil;&#199;&#xC7;
ÈLatin capital letter E with grave&Egrave;&#200;&#xC8;
ÉLatin capital letter E with acute&Eacute;&#201;&#xC9;
ÊLatin capital letter E with circumflex&Ecirc;&#202;&#xCA;
ËLatin capital letter E with diaeresis&Euml;&#203;&#xCB;
ÌLatin capital letter I with grave&Igrave;&#204;&#xCC;
ÍLatin capital letter I with acute&Iacute;&#205;&#xCD;
ÎLatin capital letter I with circumflex&Icirc;&#206;&#xCE;
ÏLatin capital letter I with diaeresis&Iuml;&#207;&#xCF;
ÐLatin capital letter ETH&ETH;&#208;&#xD0;
ÑLatin capital letter N with tilde&Ntilde;&#209;&#xD1;
ÒLatin capital letter O with grave&Ograve;&#210;&#xD2;
ÓLatin capital letter O with acute&Oacute;&#211;&#xD3;
ÔLatin capital letter O with circumflex&Ocirc;&#212;&#xD4;
ÕLatin capital letter O with tilde&Otilde;&#213;&#xD5;
ÖLatin capital letter O with diaeresis&Ouml;&#214;&#xD6;
×multiplication sign&times;&#215;&#xD7;
ØLatin capital letter O with stroke = Latin capital letter O slash&Oslash;&#216;&#xD8;
ÙLatin capital letter U with grave&Ugrave;&#217;&#xD9;
ÚLatin capital letter U with acute&Uacute;&#218;&#xDA;
ÛLatin capital letter U with circumflex&Ucirc;&#219;&#xDB;
ÜLatin capital letter U with diaeresis&Uuml;&#220;&#xDC;
ÝLatin capital letter Y with acute&Yacute;&#221;&#xDD;
ÞLatin capital letter THORN&THORN;&#222;&#xDE;
ßLatin small letter sharp s = ess-zed&szlig;&#223;&#xDF;
àLatin small letter a with grave = Latin small letter a grave&agrave;&#224;&#xE0;
áLatin small letter a with acute&aacute;&#225;&#xE1;
âLatin small letter a with circumflex&acirc;&#226;&#xE2;
ãLatin small letter a with tilde&atilde;&#227;&#xE3;
äLatin small letter a with diaeresis&auml;&#228;&#xE4;
åLatin small letter a with ring above = Latin small letter a ring&aring;&#229;&#xE5;
æLatin small letter ae = Latin small ligature ae&aelig;&#230;&#xE6;
çLatin small letter c with cedilla&ccedil;&#231;&#xE7;
èLatin small letter e with grave&egrave;&#232;&#xE8;
éLatin small letter e with acute&eacute;&#233;&#xE9;
êLatin small letter e with circumflex&ecirc;&#234;&#xEA;
ëLatin small letter e with diaeresis&euml;&#235;&#xEB;
ìLatin small letter i with grave&igrave;&#236;&#xEC;
íLatin small letter i with acute&iacute;&#237;&#xED;
îLatin small letter i with circumflex&icirc;&#238;&#xEE;
ïLatin small letter i with diaeresis&iuml;&#239;&#xEF;
ðLatin small letter eth&eth;&#240;&#xF0;
ñLatin small letter n with tilde&ntilde;&#241;&#xF1;
òLatin small letter o with grave&ograve;&#242;&#xF2;
óLatin small letter o with acute&oacute;&#243;&#xF3;
ôLatin small letter o with circumflex&ocirc;&#244;&#xF4;
õLatin small letter o with tilde&otilde;&#245;&#xF5;
öLatin small letter o with diaeresis&ouml;&#246;&#xF6;
÷division sign&divide;&#247;&#xF7;
øLatin small letter o with stroke = Latin small letter o slash&oslash;&#248;&#xF8;
ùLatin small letter u with grave&ugrave;&#249;&#xF9;
úLatin small letter u with acute&uacute;&#250;&#xFA;
ûLatin small letter u with circumflex&ucirc;&#251;&#xFB;
üLatin small letter u with diaeresis&uuml;&#252;&#xFC;
ýLatin small letter y with acute&yacute;&#253;&#xFD;
þLatin small letter thorn&thorn;&#254;&#xFE;
ÿLatin small letter y with diaeresis&yuml;&#255;&#xFF;
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Table of named greek letters
Character Description Entity Decimal Hex
ΑGreek capital letter alpha&Alpha;&#913;&#x391;
ΒGreek capital letter beta&Beta;&#914;&#x392;
ΓGreek capital letter gamma&Gamma;&#915;&#x393;
ΔGreek capital letter delta&Delta;&#916;&#x394;
ΕGreek capital letter epsilon&Epsilon;&#917;&#x395;
ΖGreek capital letter zeta&Zeta;&#918;&#x396;
ΗGreek capital letter eta&Eta;&#919;&#x397;
ΘGreek capital letter theta&Theta;&#920;&#x398;
ΙGreek capital letter iota&Iota;&#921;&#x399;
ΚGreek capital letter kappa&Kappa;&#922;&#x39A;
ΛGreek capital letter lambda&Lambda;&#923;&#x39B;
ΜGreek capital letter mu&Mu;&#924;&#x39C;
ΝGreek capital letter nu&Nu;&#925;&#x39D;
ΞGreek capital letter xi&Xi;&#926;&#x39E;
ΟGreek capital letter omicron&Omicron;&#927;&#x39F;
ΠGreek capital letter pi&Pi;&#928;&#x3A0;
ΡGreek capital letter rho&Rho;&#929;&#x3A1;
ΣGreek capital letter sigma&Sigma;&#931;&#x3A3;
ΤGreek capital letter tau&Tau;&#932;&#x3A4;
ΥGreek capital letter upsilon&Upsilon;&#933;&#x3A5;
ΦGreek capital letter phi&Phi;&#934;&#x3A6;
ΧGreek capital letter chi&Chi;&#935;&#x3A7;
ΨGreek capital letter psi&Psi;&#936;&#x3A8;
ΩGreek capital letter omega&Omega;&#937;&#x3A9;
αGreek small letter alpha&alpha;&#945;&#x3B1;
βGreek small letter beta&beta;&#946;&#x3B2;
γGreek small letter gamma&gamma;&#947;&#x3B3;
δGreek small letter delta&delta;&#948;&#x3B4;
εGreek small letter epsilon&epsilon;&#949;&#x3B5;
ζGreek small letter zeta&zeta;&#950;&#x3B6;
ηGreek small letter eta&eta;&#951;&#x3B7;
θGreek small letter theta&theta;&#952;&#x3B8;
ιGreek small letter iota&iota;&#953;&#x3B9;
κGreek small letter kappa&kappa;&#954;&#x3BA;
λGreek small letter lambda&lambda;&#955;&#x3BB;
μGreek small letter mu&mu;&#956;&#x3BC;
νGreek small letter nu&nu;&#957;&#x3BD;
ξGreek small letter xi&xi;&#958;&#x3BE;
οGreek small letter omicron&omicron;&#959;&#x3BF;
πGreek small letter pi&pi;&#960;&#x3C0;
ρGreek small letter rho&rho;&#961;&#x3C1;
ςGreek small letter final sigma&sigmaf;&#962;&#x3C2;
σGreek small letter sigma&sigma;&#963;&#x3C3;
τGreek small letter tau&tau;&#964;&#x3C4;
υGreek small letter upsilon&upsilon;&#965;&#x3C5;
φGreek small letter phi&phi;&#966;&#x3C6;
χGreek small letter chi&chi;&#967;&#x3C7;
ψGreek small letter psi&psi;&#968;&#x3C8;
ωGreek small letter omega&omega;&#969;&#x3C9;
ϑGreek small letter theta symbol&thetasym;&#977;&#x3D1;
ϒGreek upsilon with hook symbol&upsih;&#978;&#x3D2;
ϖGreek pi symbol&piv;&#982;&#x3D6;
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Mathematical characters
Character Description Entity Decimal Hex
for all&forall;&#8704;&#x2200;
partial differential&part;&#8706;&#x2202;
there exists&exist;&#8707;&#x2203;
empty set = null set = diameter&empty;&#8709;&#x2205;
nabla = backward difference&nabla;&#8711;&#x2207;
element of&isin;&#8712;&#x2208;
not an element of&notin;&#8713;&#x2209;
contains as member&ni;&#8715;&#x220B;
n-ary product = product sign&prod;&#8719;&#x220F;
n-ary sumation&sum;&#8721;&#x2211;
minus sign&minus;&#8722;&#x2212;
asterisk operator&lowast;&#8727;&#x2217;
square root = radical sign&radic;&#8730;&#x221A;
proportional to&prop;&#8733;&#x221D;
infinity&infin;&#8734;&#x221E;
angle&ang;&#8736;&#x2220;
logical and = wedge&and;&#8743;&#x2227;
logical or = vee&or;&#8744;&#x2228;
intersection = cap&cap;&#8745;&#x2229;
union = cup&cup;&#8746;&#x222A;
integral&int;&#8747;&#x222B;
therefore&there4;&#8756;&#x2234;
tilde operator = varies with = similar to&sim;&#8764;&#x223C;
approximately equal to&cong;&#8773;&#x2245;
almost equal to = asymptotic to&asymp;&#8776;&#x2248;
not equal to&ne;&#8800;&#x2260;
identical to&equiv;&#8801;&#x2261;
less-than or equal to&le;&#8804;&#x2264;
greater-than or equal to&ge;&#8805;&#x2265;
subset of&sub;&#8834;&#x2282;
superset of&sup;&#8835;&#x2283;
not a subset of&nsub;&#8836;&#x2284;
subset of or equal to&sube;&#8838;&#x2286;
superset of or equal to&supe;&#8839;&#x2287;
circled plus = direct sum&oplus;&#8853;&#x2295;
circled times = vector product&otimes;&#8855;&#x2297;
up tack = orthogonal to = perpendicular&perp;&#8869;&#x22A5;
dot operator&sdot;&#8901;&#x22C5;
lozenge&loz;&#9674;&#x25CA;
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Technical symbols
Character Description Entity Decimal Hex
left ceiling = APL upstile&lceil;&#8968;&#x2308;
right ceiling&rceil;&#8969;&#x2309;
left floor = APL downstile&lfloor;&#8970;&#x230A;
right floor&rfloor;&#8971;&#x230B;
left-pointing angle bracket = bra&lang;&#9001;&#x2329;
right-pointing angle bracket = ket&rang;&#9002;&#x232A;
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Arrows
Character Description Entity Decimal Hex
leftwards arrow&larr;&#8592;&#x2190;
upwards arrow&uarr;&#8593;&#x2191;
rightwards arrow&rarr;&#8594;&#x2192;
downwards arrow&darr;&#8595;&#x2193;
left right arrow&harr;&#8596;&#x2194;
downwards arrow with corner leftwards = carriage return&crarr;&#8629;&#x21B5;
leftwards double arrow&lArr;&#8656;&#x21D0;
upwards double arrow&uArr;&#8657;&#x21D1;
rightwards double arrow&rArr;&#8658;&#x21D2;
downwards double arrow&dArr;&#8659;&#x21D3;
left right double arrow&hArr;&#8660;&#x21D4;
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Miscellaneous symbols
Character Description Entity Decimal Hex
bullet = black small circle&bull;&#8226;&#x2022;
horizontal ellipsis = three dot leader&hellip;&#8230;&#x2026;
prime = minutes = feet&prime;&#8242;&#x2032;
double prime = seconds = inches&Prime;&#8243;&#x2033;
overline = spacing overscore&oline;&#8254;&#x203E;
fraction slash&frasl;&#8260;&#x2044;
euro sign&euro;&#8364;&#x20AC;
script capital P = power set = Weierstrass p&weierp;&#8472;&#x2118;
blackletter capital I = imaginary part&image;&#8465;&#x2111;
blackletter capital R = real part symbol&real;&#8476;&#x211C;
trade mark sign&trade;&#8482;&#x2122;
alef symbol = first transfinite cardinal&alefsym;&#8501;&#x2135;
black spade suit&spades;&#9824;&#x2660;
black club suit = shamrock&clubs;&#9827;&#x2663;
black heart suit = valentine&hearts;&#9829;&#x2665;
black diamond suit&diams;&#9830;&#x2666;
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Named characters in "ISO 8859-1 extended"
Character Description Entity Decimal Hex
ŒLatin capital ligature OE&OElig;&#338;&#x152;
œLatin small ligature oe&oelig;&#339;&#x153;
ŠLatin capital letter S with caron&Scaron;&#352;&#x160;
šLatin small letter s with caron&scaron;&#353;&#x161;
ŸLatin capital letter Y with diaeresis&Yuml;&#376;&#x178;
ƒLatin small f with hook = function = florin&fnof;&#402;&#x192;
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Punctuation characters
Character Description Entity Decimal Hex
en space&ensp;&#8194;&#x2002;
em space&emsp;&#8195;&#x2003;
thin space&thinsp;&#8201;&#x2009;
zero width non-joiner&zwnj;&#8204;&#x200C;
zero width joiner&zwj;&#8205;&#x200D;
left-to-right mark&lrm;&#8206;&#x200E;
right-to-left mark&rlm;&#8207;&#x200F;
en dash&ndash;&#8211;&#x2013;
em dash&mdash;&#8212;&#x2014;
left single quotation mark&lsquo;&#8216;&#x2018;
right single quotation mark&rsquo;&#8217;&#x2019;
single low-9 quotation mark&sbquo;&#8218;&#x201A;
left double quotation mark&ldquo;&#8220;&#x201C;
right double quotation mark&rdquo;&#8221;&#x201D;
double low-9 quotation mark&bdquo;&#8222;&#x201E;
dagger&dagger;&#8224;&#x2020;
double dagger&Dagger;&#8225;&#x2021;
per mille sign&permil;&#8240;&#x2030;
single left-pointing angle quotation mark&lsaquo;&#8249;&#x2039;
single right-pointing angle quotation mark&rsaquo;&#8250;&#x203A;
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Diacritical symbols
Character Description Entity Decimal Hex
ˆmodifier letter circumflex accent&circ;&#710;&#x2C6;
˜small tilde&tilde;&#732;&#x2DC;
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Sources:











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